February 24, 2014
6:30 p.m. Giffels Auditorium, main floor, Old Main, University of Arkansas
Jennifer L. Harty, M.A., Office Manager/Senior Project Scientist, Cardno ENTRIX, Bismarck, ND
Lecture: Those are Not All Tipi Rings: Stone Features at a Chippewa Site Along the Little Knife River
In the summer of 2013, Cardno worked directly with the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians and the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nations to provide a Native American interpretation of a stone feature site that had been impacted by oil and gas construction. During the course of the fieldwork, it became apparent that the features at the site were not the stereotypical tipi ring stone circle. Through intensive recording of individual stones along the ridge top, Cardno and the tribes were able to identify a Chippewa occupation complex that included effigies, recognizable lodges directly associated with known societies, and star alignments. This presentation will focus on the results of the survey and feature identification.
Kade M. Ferris, M.S./RPA, Project Manager/Tribal Lead, Cardno ENTRIX, Bismarck, ND
Lecture: Following the Thunderbird's Path: Tribal Collaboration and Interpretation of Stone
In June of 2013, Cardno ENTRIX worked collaboratively with representatives from the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa and Three Affiliated Tribes THPOs to provide tribal interpretation and National Register of Historic Places evaluation of a site that was discovered at the location of a previously constructed "trespass" well in Mountrail County, North Dakota. By combining standard archaeological methods, survey grade GPS mapping, and traditional tribal knowledge, the Tribal/Cardno ENTRIX team was able to identify several new, significant features at 32MN946, including traditional society-based lodge structures, effigies, ceremonial areas, habitation zones, and a large astronomical effigy feature that corresponds to indigenous star knowledge. Additional ethnohistorical research also yielded data on the site as it pertains to tribal territoriality and treaty boundaries in North Dakota. The work demonstrates new directions in combining archaeological methods with indigenous knowledge to improve the outcome of cultural resource management.
Jennifer Harty received her Master of Arts degree from the University of Saskatchewan. Her primary focus throughout her education and career has been the study of precontact occupations on the Northern Plains. While her earlier research interests primarily revolved around the Late Plains and Protohistoric periods, Ms. Harty has spent the last several years focusing on stone feature sites, particularly those within the upper Missouri River drainage system. Ms. Harty’s professional career has been primarily focused on cultural resource management, particularly applying Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act to oil and gas development projects in and around federal and tribal lands. Ms. Harty has served as archaeologist for the Mandan, Hidatsa, and Arikara Nation, and worked very closely with other tribes in the region, including the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa. A large part of Ms. Harty’s consulting work involves working with clients and tribes to ensure the concerns brought forth by the tribes are considered when working on solutions to potential site impacts.
Kade Ferris is an anthropologist and an enrolled member of the Turtle Mountain Band of Chippewa Indians. He received a Master of Science degree in Anthropology from North Dakota State University, and has spent the bulk of his career working with Native American Tribes developing cultural resource self-determination plans, including aiding several tribes in the development of their Tribal Historic Preservation Offices (THPO), as well as providing training for those working in the offices. Mr. Ferris served his own tribe as THPO for many years prior to becoming a consultant. Mr. Ferris is currently a Project Manager and Tribal Project Development Lead for Cardno, Inc., in Bismarck, North Dakota. Mr. Ferris’ career spans 20 years, with significant experience in North Dakota, South Dakota, Minnesota, Montana, Nebraska, and Wyoming, working with Indian tribes, federal agencies, and his clients to find innovative solutions to projects where tribal involvement is a key to success. Mr. Ferris’ innovative approaches to cultural resources in Indian Country have been particularly valuable when working to evaluate resources for the National Register or when designing mitigation techniques that seriously consider and incorporate the concerns of the Tribes with whom he is working. Some of the tribes Mr. Ferris has worked with include the Lower Sioux Indian Community, Three Affiliated Tribes, Sisseton-Wahpeton Sioux Tribe, Crow Creek Sioux Tribe, Yankton Sioux Tribe, Flandreau Santee Sioux Tribe, Santee Sioux Tribe of Nebraska, Omaha Tribe, Winnebago Tribe, Ponca Tribe of Nebraska, Northern Arapaho Tribe, and Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe.
Acknowledgment: Funding provided by the Robert L. Stigler, Jr. Trust.
November 19, 2013
6:30 p.m. Giffels Auditorium, main floor, Old Main, University of Arkansas
Michael A. Jochim, Professor of Anthropology, University of California at Santa Barbara
Lecture: The Last Global Warming: The End of the Ice Age in Central Europe
Roughly 10,000 years ago, Central Europe underwent dramatic environmental changes as the ice age came to an end. Drawing upon over thirty years of fieldwork in southern Germany, this presentation discusses the growing understanding of how the last hunter-gatherers in this area coped with the enormous transformation of their landscape.
Michael Jochim has been a professor in the Department of Anthropology at UCSB since 1979. He received his PhD from the University of Michigan, where he developed his interests in three interrelated topics in anthropology: human ecology, European prehistory, and hunting and gathering societies. These interests have been combined in his research career, which has focused especially on the Stone Age of southern Germany and the questions of how people adapted to the rigors of the ice ages and to the dramatic environmental changes of global warming approximately 12,000 years ago. With both graduate and undergraduate students from UCSB and elsewhere in the U.S. and Europe he has carried out archaeological excavations and surveys virtually every summer in the area just north of the Alps. He has also carried out fieldwork in France, Holland, Bosnia and the U.S. Support for this work has come from the National Science Foundation, the National Geographic Society, the state of Baden-Württemberg and UCSB. Jochim has been a visiting research scholar at Cambridge University and a visiting fellow at the CNRS in France. Last year he was elected a corresponding member of the German Archaeological Institute. He has published extensively in Germany and the U.S. as well as in South Korea and China. He is past chair of the Department of Anthropology, past editor of American Antiquity, and past editor of a book series, Interdisciplinary Studies in Archaeology for Springer Publishers.
In press, Island Perspectives. In Small Islands, Big Implications: New Perspectives on Channel Island Prehistory, ed. C. Jazwa and J. Perry. Salt Lake City: U. of Utah Press.
2012 Coping with the Younger Dryas in the Heart of Europe. Hunter-Gatherer Behavior, ed. M. Eren, pp. 165-178. Walnut Creek: Left Coast Press.
2012 Tradition and Context: Challenges in the Interpretation of the Early Palaeolithic. Handaxes in the Imjin Basin, ed. S. Yi, pp. 25-36. Seoul: SNU Press.
2009 The Process of Agricultural Colonization. Journal of Anthropological Research 65:299-310.
2006 Human Behavioral Ecology, Domestic Animals, and Land Use During the Transition to Agriculture in Valencia, Eastern Spain. Behavioral Ecology and the Transition to Agriculture, ed. D. Kennett and B. Winterhalder, pp. 197-216. Berkeley: UC Press (2nd author with S. McClure & C.M. Barton).
2006 The Implications of Inter-Group Food Exchange for Hunter-Gatherer Affluence and Complexity. Beyond Affluent Foragers, ed. Uchiyama and C. Grier, pp. 80-89. Proceedings of the International Conference on Archaeozoology. Durham:Oxbow Books, Oxford.
2006 Settlement Variability in the Early Mesolithic of Southwestern Germany. In C.-J.Kind, ed., After the Ice Age: Settlements, Subsistence and Social Development in the Mesolithic of Central Europe, pp. 175-180. Materialhefte zur Archäologie 78, Konrad Theiss Verlag, Stuttgart.
2000 The Origins of Agriculture in South-central Europe. In Europe's First Farmers, T. Douglas Price, ed., pp. 183-196, Cambridge University Press.
1998 A Hunter-gatherer Landscape: Southwest Germany in the Late Paleolithic and Mesolithic. Plenum Press, New York.
1991 Archeology as Long-Term Ethnography. American Anthropologist 93(2):308-321.
1981 Strategies for Survival: Cultural Behavior in an Ecological Context. Academic Press, New York.
1976 Hunter-Gatherer Subsistence and Settlement: A Predictive Model. Academic Press, New York.
Funding provided by the Robert L. Stigler, Jr. Trust.